History of the 32nd Infantry Regiment
The 32d Infantry Regiment, “The Queen’s Own Regiment”, was first organized on August 7, 1916, on the Island of Oahu, Hawaii. The title of the “Queen’s Own” was given them by the last queen of Hawaii. The regiment was made up of units of the 1st and 2nd Infantry Regiments. These parent organizations are shown on the canton, the lion indicating that both these regiments took part in the War of 1812. The central device of the regimental insignia was taken from the Royal Hawaiian Arms to symbolize the regiment’s birthplace. This puela was an ancient Hawaiian banner with many uses, one of which was in front of the king’s tent, leaning against two crossed spears, to indicate tabu and protection: a saltire cross replaced the spears of the Hawaiian Arms. The crest is an ancient war bonnet known as Mahiloe.
During World War I, several units of the regiment left Hawaii for Fort Douglas, Utah, serving as an escort for German prisoners being transferred from Hawaii.
In 1918, the regiment was transferred to Camp Kearney, California. Soon after its arrival there, 539 enlisted men were transferred to the 82nd Infantry where they remained until 1919. When the 82nd was demobilized, the men returned to their original outfits.
The regiment served for a short while in the continental United States, but in 1922 it was allotted as an inactive unit to the Panama Canal Department. In 1927 it was allotted to the Ninth Corps area, after having been withdrawn from the Panama Canal Department.
The Second Battalion was reactivated in October 1939 by transfer of men from the 7th Division, and on July 1, 1940, the remainder of the regiment was reactivated as part of the 7th Infantry Division.
The “Queen’s Own Regiment” remained with the 7th Division throughout the Pacific campaign, distinguishing itself and bearing a major part of the fighting. The campaigns of Attu, Kwajalein, Leyte and Okinawa made an impressive record for the 32nd Infantry Regiment.
During the occupation of Korea, the 32nd Infantry guarded the 38th North Parallel, and for three years lived under conditions comparable to actual combat, but with the added danger of guerilla attacks. “The Queen’s Own Regiment” controlled this troubled and tender spot of the world with consummate skill.