WORLD WAR II 1937 - 1945
20,000,000 casualties of war
- January 1 - Admiral R.E. Ingersoll
takes command of Atlantic Fleet. Declaration of the United
Nations signed by the Allies.
- January 2 - Japanese take Manila
and Cavite in the Philippines.
- January 6 - Japanese forces occupy
Brunei Bay in Borneo.
- January 7 - Navy's authorized
aircraft strength is increased from 15,000 to 27,500.
- January 11 - Japan declares war on
the Netherlands. Japanese invasion of Netherlands East Indies
with landings at Tarakan and Jesselton in Borneo and Menado and
Kema in the Celebes. The carrier USS Saratoga (CV-3) is
damaged by a torpedo southwest of Oahu. A Japanese submarine
shells the Naval Station on Pago Pago, Samoa. The British
re-capture Sollum. Kuala Lumpur is captured by the Japanese.
- January 12 - Authorized enlisted
strength of the Navy is increased to 500,000.
- January 13 - The Germans begin a
U-boat offensive along the US east coast. The Russians recapture
- January 15 -
American-British-Dutch-Australian Supreme Command is established.
Field Marshall Sir Archibald Wavell, British Army, assumes supreme
command of all forces in area; Admiral T.C. Hart, USN, has command
of naval forces under Field Marshall Wavell.
- January 16 - Office of Production
Management is supplanted by War Production Board.
- January 18 - New military pact
signed in Berlin by Germany, Italy and Japan.
- January 20 - PT-31 is
damaged by grounding and sunk by U.S. forces in the Philippines.
USS Edsall (DD-219) and three Australian corvettes sink the
Japanese submarine I-124 off of Port Darwin, Australia. SS
leader Heydrich holds the Wannsee Conference to coordinate the
"final solution of the Jewish question."
- January 21 - U.S. submarine
S-36 is sunk by U.S. forces in Makassar Strait, Netherlands
East Indies after grounding on January 20. The light cruiser
USS Boise (CL-47) is damaged by grounding in Sape Strait,
Netherlands East Indies. Rommel begins a counteroffensive from El
- January 22 - Japanese forces at
Subic Bay in the Philippines are reinforced.
- January 23 - Japanese forces land
at Balikpapan, Borneo and Kieta, Bougainville in the Solomons and
occupy Rabaul and New Britain, also in the Solomons. The oiler
USS Neches (AO-5) torpedoed and sunk off Hawaiian Islands by
- January 24 - Battle of Makassar
Strait (or Balikpapan). Destroyer division composed of USS
Parrot (DD-218), USS Pope (DD-225), USS John D. Ford
(DD-228) and USS Paul Jones (DD-230) launch a night torpedo
attack on the Japanese Borneo invasion convoy - four Japanese
transports and a patrol craft are sunk. Japanese landings occur at
Kendari in the Celebes, Kavieng, New Ireland and Subic Bay in the
Philippines. USS John D. Ford (DD-228) is sunk by naval
gunfire in the Netherlands East Indies. U.S. submarine S-26
is sunk after colliding with U.S. submarine chaser PC-460
in the Gulf of Panama.
- January 25 - Midway Island shelled
by Japanese submarine.
- January 26 - U.S. Expeditionary
Force arrives in Northern Ireland.
- January 27 - The submarine USS
Seawolf (SS-197) delivers ammunition and evacuates Naval and
Army pilots from Corregidor in the Philippines. The submarine
USS Gudgeon (SS-211) sinks the Japanese submarine I-173
in the central Pacific. Naval Air Station established at Puunene,
- January 28 - Japanese forces land
on Rossel Island, off New Guinea. The third Conference of Foreign
Ministers of the American Republics concludes in Rio de Janeiro.
- January 29 - Japanese forces land
at Badoeng Island and Mampawan in the Celebes. The Coast Guard
cutter USS Alexander Hamilton (PG-34) is torpedoed and sunk
by a German U-boat near Iceland.
- January 31 - Japanese land at
Amboina Island in the Netherlands East Indies. Office of
Procurement and Material is established, with Vice Admiral S.M.
Robinson as Director, in the Office of the Under Secretary of the
- February 1 - Kwajalein, Wotje,
Maloelap, Jaluit and Mili in the Marshalls and Makin in the
Gilberts are attacked by two carrier task forces under Vice
Admiral W.F. Halsey and Rear Admiral F.J. Fletcher and a
bombardment group under Rear Admiral R.A. Spruance (total - 2
aircraft carriers, 5 cruisers and 10 destroyers). Torpedo boats
and Army aircraft repulse a Japanese attempt to land on southwest
Bataan in the Philippines. U.S. Naval Base is established at
Sydney, Australia. Naval Air Stations are established at at St.
Lucia in the British West Indies and British Guiana and a Naval
Auxiliary Air Facility at Antigua in the British West Indies. The
Seventh Naval District is reactivated with headquarters in Key
West. USS Enterprise (CV-6) is damaged by a suicide bomber
and the heavy cruiser USS Chester (CA-27) is damaged by a
dive bomber, both during the Marshall-Gilberts raid.
- February 2 - Japanese minesweeper
no. 9 is sunk by a mine in the Netherlands East Indies.
- February 3 - Ammunition is
delivered to Corregidor by the submarine USS Trout SS-202)
which also removes gold, silver, securities and mail. Surabay,
Java in the Netherlands East Indies is bombed by the Japanese.
- February 4 - An allied force of 4
cruisers and accompanying destroyers under Rear Admiral Doorman,
Royal Netherlands Navy, is bombed by Japanese aircraft while
attempting to transit the Madoera Strait to attack the Japanese
Borneo invasion fleet. Two U.S. cruisers (USS Houston
(CA-30) and USS Marblehead (CL-12)) and one Netherlands
cruiser are damaged. The submarine USS Seadragon (SS-194)
evacuates military personnel and material from Corregidor in the
Philippines. Units of the Asiatic Fleet are organized into the
Southwest Pacific Force under Vice Admiral Glassford - the Asiatic
Fleet under Admiral Hart ceases to exist organizationally, though
not formally abolished. Australian-New Zealand naval command is
established under Vice Admiral H.F. Leary of the US Navy.
- February 5 - Naval Operating Base
is established at Londonderry, Northern Ireland. National Naval
Medical Center is established in Bethesda, Maryland.
- February 6 - Japanese
reinforcements land at Lingayen Gulf in the Philippines. The U.S.
and Britain establish the Combined Chiefs of Staff. Naval Coastal
Frontiers are redesignated as Eastern, Gulf, Caribbean, Panama,
Hawaiian, Northwest, Western and Philippine Sea Frontiers.
- February 7 - War Shipping
Administration is established. Headquarters of the Naval Forces
Southwest Pacific Area is established at Tjilatja, Java, under
Vice Admiral Glassford.
- February 8 - Midway shelled by
Japanese submarine. Japanese land at Gasmata, New Britain. U.S.
submarine S-37 sinks Japanese destroyer Natsushio in Makassar
Strait in the Netherlands East Indies.
- February 9 - Japanese land on
Singapore Island. Batavia, Surabaya and Malang, Java bombed by
Japanese aircraft. Admiral W.H. Standley, USN (retired), is named
Ambassador to Russia. Rear Admiral E.S. Land is named Director of
War Shipping Administration. The transport USS Lafayette (AP-53),
formerly the French liner Normandie, burns at a New York pier.
- February 11 - U.S. troops arrive
at Curacao and Aruba in the Netherlands West Indies.
- February 14 - Japanese
paratroopers land on Palemban, Sumatra. The submarine USS Sargo
(SS-188) delivers ammunition to Polloc Harbor, Mindanao in the
Philippines and evacuates military personnel. Vice Admiral C.E.L.
Helfrich, Royal Netherlands Navy, relieves Admiral Hart as
Commander in Chief of Allied Naval Forces Southwest Pacific.
Email: Correction Mon 2/7/2005 11:32 AM
It was the submarine USS SARGO SS 188 not Sago. Ric Hedman TN(SS)
Thanks for the correction Ric.
- February 15 - Singapore falls to
the Japanese. Japanese forces land on Sumatra in the Netherlands
- February 16 - An oil refinery on
Aruba in the Netherlands West Indies is shelled by a German
- February 17 - 1st Naval
Construction Battalion (Seabees) arrive at Bora Bora in the
- February 18 - The destroyer USS
Truxtun (DD-229) and the stores ship USS Pollux (AKS-2)
are sunk by a storm in Placentia Bay, Newfoundland.
- February 19 - Japanese invade Bali
in the Netherlands East Indies. The Battle of Badoeng Strait
begins and continues to the 20th. Allied naval force under Rear
Admiral Doorman attacks Japanese occupation force retiring through
Badoeng Strait from Bali. One Netherlands and one Japanese
destroyer are sunk and two Netherlands cruisers and one U.S.
destroyer are damaged. The destroyer USS Peary (DD-226) is
sunk by a dive bomber during a Japanese bomber raid on the harbor,
airfields and shore installations at Darwin, Australia.
- February 20 - The destroyer USS
Stewart (DD-224) is damaged by naval gunfire during the Battle
of Badoeng Strait. Timbor Island in the Netherlands East Indies
invaded by the Japanese. Allied Naval Base at Darwin, Australia
is abandoned. The submarine USS Swordfish (SS-193)
evacuates President Quezon and other Philippine officials from
Luzon. Atlantic and Pacific Fleets are directed to establish
Amphibious Forces by Commander in Chief U.S. Fleet.
- February 23 - Oil refinery at
Ellwood, California shelled by a Japanese submarine.
- February 24 - Wake Island
bombarded by a carrier task force under Vice Admiral Halsey. U.S.
High Commissioner F.B. Sayre is evacuated from the Philippines by
the submarine USS Swordfish (SS-193).
- February 25 - Responsibility for
U.S. port security assumed by Coast Guard.
- February 27 - An Allied Naval
Force of 5 cruisers and 11 destroyers under Rear Admiral Doorman
attacks a Japanese force covering the Java invasion convoy in the
Battle of the Java Sea. Two Netherlands cruisers, 2 British
destroyers and a Netherlands destroyer are sunk. The cruiser
USS Houston (CA-30) and a British cruiser are damaged. The
seaplane tender USS Langely (AV-3) is sunk by Japanese
horizontal bombers south of Tjilatjap, Java. Joint U.S. Mexican
Defense Commission is established.
- February 28 - The submarine USS
Permit (SS-178) delivers ammunition to Corregidor and
evacuates military personnel. Japanese forces land on the
northern coast of Java. The destroyer USS Jacob Jones is
torpedoes and sunk by a submarine off the Delaware Capes.
- March 1 - In the Battle of Sunda
Strait, Allied vessels heading for Sunda Strait after the Battle
of Java Sea are attacked by a superior Japanese surface force.
USS Houston CA-30), an Australian cruiser and a Netherlands
destroyer are sunk. The Japanese lose four transports. The
destroyer USS Pope (DD-225) is sunk by surface gunfire and
a dive bomber in the Java Sea. The destroyers USS Edsall
(DD-219) and USS Pillsbury (DD-227) are sunk by naval
gunfire south of Christmas Island. Naval land-based aircraft
(VP-82) sinks the German submarine U-656 south of
Newfoundland. American-British-Dutch- Australian Command is
dissolved. Base Force, Pacific Fleet, is redesignated Service
Force Pacific; Train, Atlantic Fleet, is redesignated Service
- March 2 - Japanese landing at
Zamboanga, Mindanao in the Philippines. Anti-submarine Warfare
Unit, Atlantic Fleet is established at Boston.
- March 3 - The submarine USS
Perch (SS-176) is damaged by depth charges and surface gunfire
then scuttled by crew in the Java Sea. The gunboat USS
Asheville (PG-12) is sunk by naval gunfire south of Java.
- March 4 - Marcus Island bombed by
aircraft from Vice Admiral Halsey's carrier task force. Oahu
raided by Japanese seaplanes with no damage.
- March 7 - The submarine USS
Shark (SS-174) is reported as presumed lost in the Pacific
- March 8 - Lae and Salamaua, New
Guinea invaded by Japanese. Rangoon, Burma occupied by Japanese.
- March 9 - Java surrenders to
Japanese. Naval Air Transport Service Squadron (VR-1) is
commissioned at Norfolk for operations in the Atlantic.
- March 10 - Finschhafen, New Guinea
invaded by Japanese. Japanese shipping at Salamaua and Lae, New
Guinea bombed by aircraft from USS Lexington (CV-2) and
USS Yorktown (CV-5).
- March 11 - General Douglas
MacArthur and Rear Admiral Rockwell evacuate Luzon and travel by
motor torpedo boat to Mindanao.
- March 12 - U.S. forces arrive in
New Caledonia to establish a base at Noumea. Roosevelt combines
the duties of Commander in Chief U.S. Fleet and Chief of Naval
Operations by executive order.
- March 13 - PT-32 is
scuttled in Philippines.
- March 14 - Amphibious Force,
Atlantic Fleet is established under Rear Admiral R.M Brainard.
- March 15 - Coast Guard tender
USS Acacia (AGL-200) sunk by German U-boat south of Haiti.
German submarine U-503 is sunk by naval land-based aircraft
(VP-82) in the North Atlantic.
- March 17 - The U.S., in agreement
with Allied governments, assumes responsibility for the strategic
defense of the entire Pacific Ocean. U.S. Naval Forces Europe is
- March 18 - A naval force of two
battleships, a carrier, two cruisers and eight destroyers under
Rear Admiral J.W. Wilcox is ordered to Britain to join the British
- March 20 - The battleship USS
South Dakota (BB-57) is commissioned in New York City.
- March 23 - Japanese forces occupy
the Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal.
- March 26 - Admiral Stark relieved
as Chief of Naval Operations by Admiral King who is also now
Commander in Chief U.S. Fleet. perational control of certain Army
Air Force units given to Commander Eastern Sea Frontier for
anti-submarine patrol duty in the Atlantic. The miscellaneous
auxiliary USS Atik is torpedoed and sunk by a submarine.
- March 29 - Marines arrive at Efate
in the New Hebrides.
- March 30 - Japanese forces occupy
Christmas Island. Joint Chiefs of Staff order the Pacific Ocean
divided into two commands: the Pacific Ocean Areas under Admiral
Nimitz and the Southwest Pacific Area under General MacArthur.
Pacific War Council representing the U.S., Britain, Canada,
Australia, New Zealand, the Netherlands and China is established
in Washington to plan war policy.
- March 31 - Rear Admiral J.B.
Oldendorf name Commander of All Forces Aruba and Curacao,
Netherlands West Indies.
- April - Japanese-Americans in the
US sent to relocation centers.
- April 1 - Buka Island in the
Solomons is occupied by the Japanese. Naval Air Transport Service
Squadron (VR-2) is commissioned at Alameda, California.
- April 3 - Admiral Nimitz,
Commander in Chief Pacific Fleet, is name Commander in Chief
Pacific Ocean Areas.
- April 5 - The submarine USS
Snapper (SS-185) delivers food to Corregidor and evacuates
military personnel. The Japanese occupy Lorengau, Manus Island in
the Admiralty Islands.
- April 7 - U.S. Naval patrol
aircraft for operations in the south Atlantic arrive in Natal,
- April 8 - The submarine USS
Seadragon (SS-194) delivers food to Corregidor and evacuates
military personnel. The minesweeper USS Bittern (AM-36) is sunk
by U.S. forces after being damaged on December 10, 1941.
Hydrographic Office and Naval Observatory are transferred from the
Bureau of Navigation to the Office of the Chief of Naval
- April 9 - US-Philippine forces on
Bataan surrender to the Japanese. PT-34 is sunk by a
Japanese horizontal bomber in the Philippines.
- April 10 - Japanese forces land on
Cebu in the Philippines. The submarine tender USS Canopus
(AS-9) is scuttled off Mariveles Bay in the Philippines and the
minesweeper USS Finch (AM-9) is sunk by a Japanese
horizontal bomber in the Philippines. Pacific Fleet is
reorganized into type commands: battleships under Rear Admiral
W.S. Anderson, carriers under Vice Admiral Halsey, cruisers under
Rear Admiral Fletcher, destroyers under Rear Admiral R.A. Theobald,
Service Force under Vice Admiral W.L. Calhoun, Amphibious Force
under Vice Admiral W. Brown, submarines under Rear Admiral T.
Whiters and patrol wings under Rear Admiral H.S. McCain.
- April 12 - PT-35 is
scuttled in the Philippines.
- April 14 - The destroyer USS
Roper (DD-147) sinks the German submarine U-85 off
- April 15 - PT-41 is
scuttled in the Philippines. Submarine bases established at
Kodiak and Dutch Harbor in Alaska. Naval Air Station is
established at Barbers Point on Oahu.
- April 18 - Doolittle Raid.
Sixteen Army B-25s are launched from the USS Hornet
(CV-8) over 650 miles east of Honshu, Japan. The bombers hit
Tokyo, Yokosuka, Yokohoma, Kobe and Nagoya. Oil installations at
Curacao in the Netherlands West Indies shelled by German U-boat.
- April 20 - Forty-seven British
Spitfires are launched for Malta from the USS Wasp (CV-7)
in the Mediterranean.
- April 23 - Germany begins air
raids against Britain's cathedral cities.
- April 26 - The destroyer USS
Sturtevant (DD-240) sunk by a mine off Marquesas Key,
- April 28 - US Escort Force under
Rear Admiral R.C. Giffen departs Scapa Flow, Scotland to protect
convoys to Russia.
- April 29 - Japanese seize Parang
and Cotabato, Mindanao in the Philippines. First coastal convoy
leaves New York for the Delaware River.
- April 30 - Military and civilian
personnel evacuated from Corregidor by two naval patrol planes.
The battleship USS Indiana (BB-58) is commissioned at
Newport News, Virginia. Admiral Stark assumes command of US Naval
- May 1 - Admiral Leahy ends service
as Ambassador to France. US Naval Base and Naval Auxiliary Air
Facility established at Great Exuma in the Bahamas. US Naval Base
established at Grand Cayman in the British West Indies.
- May 2 - Japanese forces land on
Florida Island in the Solomons. The submarine USS Drum
(SS-228) sinks the Japanese seaplane tender Misuho off
- May 3 - Military personnel
evacuated from Corregidor by the submarine USS Spearfish
- May 4 - Battle of the Coral Sea.
Battle begins with US carrier-based aircraft striking on Tulagi in
the Solomons. The Japanese destroyer Kikizuki is sunk
during the battle. Admiral King directs Coast Guard Auxiliary to
organize civilian small craft as coastal pickets. The minesweeper
USS Tanager (AM-5) is sunk by coastal defense guns off
- May 5 - Battle of the Coral Sea.
Allied force refuels and changes course to intercept Japanese Port
Moresby Invasion Group. Japanese forces land on Corregidor. The
river gunboat USS Mindanao (PR-8) and submarine rescue
vessel USS Pigeon (ASR-9) are sunk by Japanese horizontal
bombers in the hilippines. The tugs USS Genesee (ATO-55)
and USS Vaga (YT-116) are scuttled in the Philippines.
- May 6 - Battle of the Coral Sea.
Allied force steaming on course to intercept Japanese Port Moresby
Invasion Group. Corregidor and Manila Bay forts surrender to the
Japanese. The river gunboats USS Oahu (PR-6) and USS
Luzon (PR-7) and minesweeper USS Quail (AM-15) are
scuttled in the Philippines. Naval Auxiliary Air Facility
established at Nawiliwili, Kauai in Hawaii. The British capture
- May 7 - Battle of the Coral Sea.
Allied force turns north to engage the Japanese attack group.
Support Group under Rear Admiral Crace, RN, is detached to
intercept Japanese Port Moresby Invasion Group. Crace's ships are
attacked by Japanese torpedo bombers and land-based bombers and
mistakenly attacked by US Army B-26s. The destroyer USS Sims
(DD-409) is sunk and the oiler USS Neosho (AO-23) is
damaged. US carrier aircraft attack the Japanese support group
and sink the aircraft carrier Shoho. Japanese occupy
Hollandia, New Guinea.
- May 8 - Battle of the Coral Sea.
Search aircraft from the carrier USS Lexington
(CV-2) sight the Japanese carriers Shokaku and Zuikaku.
Shokaku is damaged and forced to retire by aircraft from US
carriers. Simultaneously, Japanese carrier aircraft strikes
damaged the carriers USS Yorktown (CV-5) and USS
Lexington (CV-2). Lexington was so badly damaged the
she was sunk by the destroyer USS Phelps (DD-360). The
Germans begin their summer offensive in the Crimea.
- May 9 - Forty-even British
Spitfires launched for Malta from the carrier USS Wasp
(CV-7) in the Mediterranean. The Coast Guard cutter USS Icarus
(PC-119) sinks the German submarine U-356 off of South
- May 11 - The Japanese minelayer
Okinoshima is sunk by US submarine S-42, north of the
- May 12 - The battleship USS
Massachusetts (BB-59) is commissioned in Boston.
- May 13 - The French agree to
mobilize three French warships at Martinique in the French West
Indies. The Bureau of Navigation is renamed the Bureau of Naval
- May 14 - Minefield laid off St.
John's, Newfoundland by a German U-boat.
- May 17 - Japanese submarines are
sunk by US submarines USS Tautog (SS-199) off the Caroline
Islands and USS Triton (SS-201) southeast of Kyushu,
- May 18 - Office of Naval Inspector
General is established.
- May 20 - Air Force, South Pacific
Area is established under Rear Admiral J.S. McCain.
- May 21 - North Pacific Force under
Rear Admiral Theobald is established for operations in the Alaska
- May 22 - Mexico declares war on
Germany, Italy and Japan.
- May 25 - The destroyer USS
Blakeley (DD-150) is damaged by a submarine torpedo off of
Martinique in the French West Indies. The submarine USS Salmon
(SS-182) sinks the Japanese repair ship Asahi in the South
- May 26 - Rommel begins an
offensive against the Gazala Line.
- May 27 - Wallis Island, in the
south Pacific Ocean, is occupied by US Marines and Seabees. The
destroyer tender USS Prairie (AD-15) and the gunboat USS
Spry (PG-64) are damaged by fire in Argentia, Newfoundland.
SS leader Heydrich is attacked in Prague.
- May 28 - US forces arrive at
Espiritu Santo in the New Hebrides. The Russians are defeated by
the Germans at Kharkov.
- May 30 - The first British 1000
bomber air raid hits Cologne, Germany.
- May 31 - Sydney harbor in
Australia is raided by Japanese midget submarines.
- June - Germans begin mass gassing
of Jews at Auschwitz.
- June 2 - Two US carrier task
forces, under Rear Admirals Fletcher and Spruance, rendezvous 350
miles northeast of Midway Island.
- June 3 - Midway-based aircraft
locate and attack transports of Admiral Yamamoto's Japanese
Combined Fleet, about 600 miles west of Midway. Dutch Harbor,
Alaska bombed by Japanese carrier-based planes. The coastal
minesweeper USS Bunting (ACM-7) is sunk by collision in San
- June 4 - Battle of Midway.
Aircraft from four Japanese carriers strike installations on
Midway, defended by Marine and Army aircraft. Aircraft launched
from the carriers USS Enterprise (CV-6), USS Hornet
(CV-8) and USS Yorktown (CV-5) strike the four
Japanese carriers, sinking Kaga and, with help from the
submarine USS Nautilus (SS-168), Soryu. Yorktown
is disabled by Japanese aircraft. Admiral Yamamoto abandons
Midway plans and retires westward. SS leader Heydrich dies of
wounds received in Prague.
- June 5 - Germans besiege
- June 6 - Battle of Midway. Rear
Admiral Spruance's Carrier Task Force pursues the Japanese fleet
westward. The Japanese carriers Akagi and Hiryu are
damaged by US carrier-based planes. Both are sunk by the
- June 6 - Battle of Midway.
Aircraft from the carriers USS Enterprise (CV-6) and USS
Hornet (CV-8) attack the retiring Japanese fleet. The
Japanese heavy cruiser Mikuma is sunk. The US fleet
recovers its aircraft and changes course eastward to refuel,
breaking contact with the Japanese. The destroyer USS Hamman
(DD-412) is torpedoed and sunk by a submarine during the battle.
- June 7 - Kiska and Attu in the
Aleutians are occupied by the Japanese. USS Yorktown
(CV-5) is sunk by a submarine torpedo as she retired, damaged,
from the Battle of Midway. The seaplane tender (small) USS
Gannet (AVP-8) is torpedoed and sunk by a submarine off of
Bermuda. Atlantic and Pacific Fleets, Sea Frontiers and Special
Task Forces are placed directly under the Commander in Chief US
Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations. Naval Local Defense Forces,
Naval Transportation Service, Special Duty Ships and Naval
District Craft are placed under the Vice Chief of Naval
- June 9 - Naval Operating Base is
established at Kodiak, Alaska.
- June 10 - In retaliation for the
assassination of Heydrich, the Germans liquidate the town of
- June 11 - Mines are laid off of
Boston and Delaware Bay by German U-boats.
- June 12 - Mines are laid off Cape
Henry, Virginia by German U-boats.
- June 13 - Four German agents are
put ashore from a U-boat at Amagansett, Long Island. The landings
are detected by the Coast Guard and the agents captured by the
FBI. The German submarine U-157 is sunk by the Coast Guard
cutter USS Thetis (PC-115) north of Cuba.
- June 14 - First echelon of the
First Marine Division under Major General Vandegrift arrives at
Wellington, New Zealand.
- June 17 - Four German agents
landing via U-boat at Ponte Vedra Beach, south of Jacksonville,
Florida, are discovered by fishermen and captured by the FBI.
- June 18 - US Naval Air Facility is
established at La Fe, Cuba.
- June 19 - Vice Admiral R.L.
Ghormley assumes command of South Pacific Area and South Pacific
Force with headquarters at Auckland, New Zealand. US submarine
S-27 is grounded and abandoned at Amchitka in the Aleutians.
- June 20 - Estevan Point on
Vancouver Island in British Columbia is shelled by a Japanese
- June 21 - Fort Stevens, Oregon
shelled by a Japanese submarine. Rommel captures Tobruk.
- June 25 - US Army establishes the
European Theater of Operations under Major General Dwight D.
Eisenhower. Roosevelt and Churchill conclude a conference in
Washington, reaching a decision for joint research and development
of the atomic bomb. The Japanese destroyer Yamakaze is
sunk by the submarine USS Nautilus (SS-168) off Honshu.
- June 26 - Germany announces
unrestricted submarine warfare off the US Atlantic coast. US
Naval Auxiliary Station (Lighter-than-air) is established at San
- June 30 - US coastal minesweeper
USS Hornbill (AMC-13) sunk by collision in San Francisco
Bay. The German submarine U-158 is sunk in the western
Atlantic by Naval land-based aircraft (VP-74). Rommel reaches El
Alamein, near Cairo, Egypt.
- July 1-30 - First Battle of El
- July 3 - The Germans capture
- July 4 - US Army bombers raid
western Europe for the first time. The submarine USS Triton
(SS-201) sinks the Japanese destroyer Nenohi off Agattu in
- July 5 - The Japanese Destroyer
Arare is sunk by the submarine USS Growler (SS-215) off
of Kiska in the Aleutians. Russian resistance in the Crimea
- July 7 - US Naval Air Facility is
established at Reykjavik, Iceland. The German submarine U-701
is sunk by Army aircraft off of North Carolina.
- July 9 - The Germans begin a drive
- July 13 - US Naval Air Facility is
established at Grand Cayman in the British West Indies. The
German submarine U-153 is damaged by the submarine chaser
PC-458 and Army aircraft off the coast of Panama and sunk
by the destroyer USS Landsdowne (DD-486).
- July 15 - Submarine Base is
established at Midway Island. Naval Air Transport Service
Squadron (VR-3) is established at Kansas City, Kansas for
operations in the US. Japanese submarine chasers No.s 25 and 27
are sunk by the submarine USS Grunion (SS-216) off of Kiska
in the Aleutians. The German submarine U-576 is sunk by
Naval land-based aircraft (VS-9) and the US merchant vessel
Unicoi off of North Carolina.
- July 16 - Advanced Group,
Amphibious Force, Atlantic Fleet under Rear Admiral A. C. Bennett
is established to conduct amphibious training in Great Britain.
- July 18 - Amphibious Force, South
Pacific Area is established under Rear Admiral R.K. Turner.
- July 20 - Naval Operating Base and
Naval Air Facility are established at Dutch Harbor in Alaska.
Admiral W.D. Leahy reports to Roosevelt as Chief of Staff.
- July 21 - Buna, New Guinea
occupied by the Japanese.
- July 22 - First deportations from
the Warsaw Ghetto to concentration camps take place. The
Treblinka extermination camp opens.
- July 24 - The Mississippi River
Passes mined by a German submarine.
- July 27 - Army-Navy Petroleum
Board is established.
- July 30 - Women's Naval Reserve is
- July 31 - A German submarine lays
mines off Charleston, South Carolina.
- August 1 - US Naval Base at
Galapagos Islands, US Naval Station at Tobago Island in the Canal
Zone and the US Naval Auxiliary Air Facility and US Motor Torpedo
Boat Base in Salinas, Ecuador are established. The German
U-166 is sunk by Coast Guard aircraft in the Gulf of Mexico.
- August 4 - The Destroyer USS
Tucker (DD-374) is sunk in a US minefield in Segond Channel,
Espiritu Santo in the New Hebrides.
- August 7 - The first US land
offensive in the Pacific see Marines land at Florida, Tulagi,
Gavutu, Tanambogo and Guadalcanal in the Solomons. The landings
are put ashore by Amphibious Force, South Pacific and supported by
carrier and land-based aircraft and naval surface forces. The
destroyer USS Mugford is damaged by a torpedo bomber in the
Solomons. A Naval cruiser and destroyer force under Rear Admiral
Smith bombards Kiska in the Aleutians. British General Bernard
Montgomery takes command of the Eighth Army in North Africa.
- August 8 - US Marines capture
Tulagi, Gavutu and Tanambogo in the Solomons and capture an
unfinished air strip on Guadal Canal, renaming it Henderson
- In the Solomons, the transport
USS George F. Elliot (AP-13) is damaged by suicide bombers and
sunk by US forces and the destroyer USS Jarvis (DD-393) is
damaged by aircraft torpedoes. A German submarine lays mines off
mouth of the St. Johns River, east of Jacksonville, Florida.
- August 9 - Battle of Savo Island.
A Japanese force of seven cruisers and a destroyer approaches
undetected west of Savo Island in the Solomons, and sinks the
heavy cruisers USS Astoria (CA-34), USS Quincy
(CA-39), USS Vincennes (CA-44) and the Australian
Canberra. The Japanese force also damaged the cruiser USS
Chicago (CA-29) and the destroyers USS Ralph Talbot
(DD-390) and USS Patterson (DD-392) before retiring.
Allied ships depart, leaving Japanese forces temporarily in
control of the Guadalcanal area.
- August 10 - The Japanese heavy
cruiser Kako is sunk by the submarine S-44 near
Kavieng, New Ireland.
- August 12 - Churchill meets with
Stalin in Moscow.
- August 14 - Lt. General Dwight D.
Eisenhower, Commanding General, European Theater of Operations,
is appointed Commander in Chief of Allied Expeditionary Forces.
Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham, RN, is appointed Allied Naval
Commander. The submarine S-39 strikes a submerged reef off
of Rossel Island in the Louisade Archipelago and abandoned on
- August 15 - Patrol Wing 11 is
commissioned at San Juan, Puerto Rico for operations in the
Caribbean Sea Frontier. Naval Air Station at Whidbey Island,
Washington, and the Naval Auxiliary Air Facility on Jamaica are
established. Marine Aircraft Wings, Pacific is established in San
- August 16 - The battleship USS
Alabama (BB-60) is commissioned at Portsmouth, Virginia. The
submarine USS Grunieon (SS-216) is reported as presumed
lost in the Pacific Ocean area.
- August 17 - The Second Raider
Battalion, USMC, transported by submarines USS Nautilus
(SS-168) and USS Argonaut (APS-1), raids Makin Island in
the Gilberts. Nautilus' gunfire supports the Marines
ashore. The first all-American air raid takes place.
- August 20 - Thirty-one USMC
aircraft delivered to Henderson Field on Guadalcanal by the
aircraft escort vessel USS Long Island (AVG-1). The German
submarine U-464 is sunk by Naval land-based aircraft
(VP-73) in the north Atlantic.
- August 22 - Brazil declares war on
Germany and Italy. The destroyer USS Blue (DD-387) is
damaged by torpedoes in the Solomons and scuttled on the 23rd. The
destroyer USS Ingram (DD-444) is sunk by a collision with
the oiler USS Chemung (AO-30) off of Nova Scotia. The
destroyer USS Buck (DD-420) is damaged by a collision with
a merchant vessel off of Nova Scotia. The German submarine
U-654 is sunk by Army aircraft north of Panama.
- August 23 - Germans stage a
massive air raid on Stalingrad.
- August 24 - Battle of the Eastern
Solomons. Naval carrier-based aircraft supported by Marine and
Army aircraft turn back a major Japanese attempt to recapture
Guadalcanal and Tulagi. The carrier USS Enterprise (CV-6)
is damaged by a dive bomber and the Japanese carrier Ryujo
is sunk by US carrier-based aircraft.
- August 25 - Battle of Eastern
Solomons. The Japanese destroyer Muzuki is sunk off Santa
Isabel by Army aircraft. Nauru in the Gilberts and Goodenough
Island off the southeast coast of New Guinea are occupied by the
- August 26 - Japanese forces land
at Milne Bay in New Guinea. Army aircraft attack beaches and
transports. Ocean Island occupied by Japanese.
- August 28 - USMC dive bombers sink
the Japanese destroyer Asagiri off of Santa Isabel, damage
two others and prevent Japanese reinforcements from landing on
Guadalcanal. The Japanese submarine I-123 is sunk by the
light minelayer USS Gamble (DM-15) near Guadalcanal. The
German submarine U-94 is sunk by Naval land-based aircraft
(VP-92) and HMCS Oakville in the Caribbean.
- August 29 - The transport USS
William Ward Burrows (AP-6) is grounded in the Solomons.
- August 30 - US Naval and Army
forces occupy Adad in the Aleutians for an air and naval base.
The high speed transport USS Calhoun (APD-2) is sunk by a
Japanese horizontal bomber in the Solomons.
- August 31 - The carrier USS
Saratoga (CV-3) is damaged by a submarine torpedo 260 miles
southeast of Guadalcanal. The Japanese submarine RO-61 is
sunk by the destroyer USS Reid (DD-369) and Naval
land-based aircraft (VP-43) in the Aleutians.
- September 1 - Seabees arrive at
Guadalcanal, the first to serve in an action area. Air Force,
Pacific Fleet is established under Vice Admiral A.W. Fitch.
Japanese Prime Minister Tojo also becomes Foreign Minister as
Shigenori Togo resigns.
- September 2 - Montgomery drives
Rommel back at the Battle of Alam Halfa.
- September 5 - High speed
transports USS Gregory (APD-3) and USS Little
(APD-4) are sunk by surface ship gunfire in the Solomons.
- September 6 - The battleship
USS South Dakota (BB-57) is damaged by hitting a coral reef in
Lahai Passage, Tonga Islands.
- September 7 - US and Cuba conclude
an agreement for naval and military cooperation.
- September 10 - The mouth of
Chesapeake Bay is mined by a German U-boat.
- September 11 - The Japanese
destroyer Yayoi is sunk by US Army and British aircraft off
Normamby Island near New Guinea.
- September 12 - German aircraft and
U-boats launch a sustained 10-day attack against a large Allied
convoy to northern Russia. US Navy is given operational control
of the Brazilian Navy.
- September 13 - The Battle of
- September 15 - The carrier task
force under Rear Admiral Noyes covering the transport of
reinforcement from Espiritu Santo in the New Hebrides to
Guadalcanal is attacked by two Japanese submarines. The carrier
USS Wasp (CV-7) is damaged by a torpedo and sunk by US
forces. Also damaged are the battleship USS North Carolina
(BB-55) and the destroyer USS O'Brien (DD-415). Guadalcanal
is bombarded by Japanese battleships.
- September 16 - Attu in the
Aleutians is evacuated by the Japanese. Vice Admiral Ingam's
command, formerly Task Force 23, is designated South Atlantic
Force, Atlantic Fleet. Patrol Wing 12 at Key West is commissioned
for operations in the Gulf Sea Frontier.
- September 18 - The Seventh Marine
Regiment reinforces Guadalcanal. A German U-boat lays mines off
Charleston, South Carolina.
- September 20 - US Naval Operating
Base is established at Auckland, New Zealand.
- September 24 - Japanese forces
land on Maiana in the Gilberts.
- September 25 - Japanese forces
land on Beru in the Gilberts.
- September 27 - Japanese forces
land on Kuria in the Gilberts. The German raider Schiff No.23 (Stier)
is sunk after being damaged by US merchant vessel USS Stephen
Hopkins in the South Atlantic.
- September 28 - Army aircraft sink
the Japanese submarine RO-65 near Kiska in the Aleutians.
- September 29 - The cargo ship
USS Alena (AK-26) is damaged by a submarine torpedo in the
- September 30 - The heavy cruiser
USS San Francisco (CA-38) and the destroyer USS Breese
(DD-122) are damaged in a collision in the New Hebrides.
- October 1 - Advanced Group,
Amphibious Forces, Atlantic Fleet becomes Amphibious Forces,
Europe under the Commander US Naval Forces Europe Admiral H.R.
- October 2 - US Marines occupy
Funafuti in the Ellice Islands. The German submarine U-512
is sunk by army aircraft off of French Guiana.
- October 5 - Faisi and the
Buin-Tonolei area of Bougainville in the Solomons is bombed by
- October 11 - Battle of Savo
Island. Surface forces under Rear Admiral Scott attack Japanese
cruisers and destroyers headed for Guadalcanal. The cruisers
USS Salt Lake City (CA-25) and USS Boise (CL-47) and
the destroyers USS Duncan (DD-485) and USS Farenholt
(DD-491) are damaged by naval gunfire. The Japanese destroyer
Fubuki is sunk and two Japanese cruisers and another destroyer
- October 12 - Battle of Savo
Island. The destroyer USS Duncan (DD-485) is sunk by naval
gunfire. The Japanese cruiser Furutaka and destroyers
Natsugumo and Murakumo are sunk by Naval and Marine
- October 13 - The 164th Infantry
Regiment of the US Army Americal Division reinforces the First
Marine Division on Guadalcanal.
- October 14 - Guadalcanal is
bombarded by Japanese cruisers and battleships. The Japanese
destroyer screen is engaged by motor torpedo boats.
- October 15 - The destroyer USS
Meredith (DD-434) is sunk by an aircraft torpedo off San
Cristobal in the Solomons. US Submarine base is established at
Fremantle-Perth in Australia. Patrol Wing 14, for operations in
Western Sea Frontier, is established at San Diego.
- October 16 - The carrier task
force under Rear Admiral Murray strikes Japanese troops on
Guadalcanal and Japanese seaplanes at Rekata Bay, Santa Isabel in
the Solomons. The seaplane tender USS McFarland (AVD-14)
is damaged by dive bombers in the Solomons. The Japanese
destroyer Oboro is sunk by Army aircraft in the Aleutians.
- October 18 - Vice Admiral Ghormley
relieved as Commander South Pacific Area and South Pacific Force
by Admiral Halsey. Hitler orders the execution of all British
commandos taken prisoner.
- October 19 - The destroyer USS
O'Brien (DD-415), enroute to the US for battle repairs, breaks
in two and sinks off of Samoa. The submarine USS Gar
(SS-206) lays mines in the northern Gulf of Siam.
- October 20 - The heavy cruiser
USS Chester (CA-27) is damaged by a submarine torpedo between
San Cristobal in the Solomons and Espiritu Santo in the New
- October 21 - The destroyer USS
Grayson (DD-435) is damaged in a collision in the Solomons.
- October 22 - Naval Air Facility is
established at Otter Point, Alaska.
- October 23 - Second Battle of El
- October 25 - The submarine USS
Whale (SS-239) lays mines at the entrance to the Inland Sea
off Honshu, Japan. The Submarine USS Amberjack (SS-219)
lands Army personnel and supplies at Tulagi in the Solomons. The
tug USS Seminole (AT-65) is sunk by naval gunfire off of
Guadalcanal. The destroyer USS Hughes (DD-410) is
accidentally damaged by friendly fire in the Solomons. The
high-speed minesweeper USS Zane (DMS-14) is damaged by
naval gunfire in the Sealark Channel off of Guadalcanal. The
Japanese light cruiser Yura is damaged by US aircraft off
of Santa Isabel in the Solomons and scuttled.
- October 26 - Battle of Santa Cruz
Islands. The carrier task forces under Rear Admirals Kinkaid and
Murray close with a numerically superior Japanese force. Heavy
damage is inflicted on US forces, but immediate Japanese movement
towards Guadalcanal is checked. US vessels damaged include the
carriers USS Enterprise (CV-6) and USS Hornet
(CV-8), the battleship USS South Dakota (BB-57), the light
cruiser USS San Juan (CL-54) and the destroyers
USS Porter (DD-356), USS Smith (DD-378) and USS
Hughes (DD-410). Porter was then scuttled. The Battle
of Henderson Field on Guadalcanal ends as Marines repulse Japanese
land and air attacks.
- October 27 - The carrier USS
Hornet (CV-8) is sunk by dive bombers, torpedo bombers and
destroyer torpedoes in the Solomons. The battleship USS South
Dakota (BB-57) and the destroyer USS Mahan (DD-365) are
damaged in a collision in the Solomons.
- October 29 - The submarine USS
Grenadier (SS-210) lays mines in the Tonkin Gulf, off of
- October 30 - Japanese positions at
Point Cruz on Guadalcanal are bombarded by a cruiser and destroyer
force. Attu in the Aleutians is invaded by a second Japanese
- November 1 - Patrol Wings are
redesignated Fleet Air Wings. The Allies break the Axis lines at
El Alamien during Operation Supercharge.
- November 2 - The submarines USS
Tambor (SS-198) and USS Tautog (SS-199) lay mines in
the Tonkin Gulf and south of Cape Padaran, French Indochina,
respectively. Fleet Air Wing 6 is commissioned at Seattle for
multi-engine aircraft training.
- November 4 - Japanese positions
near Koli Point on Guadalcanal are bombarded by US cruisers and
- November 5 - The German submarine
U-408 is sunk by naval land-based aircraft (VP-84) off of
- November 6 - The transport USS
Zeilin (AP-9) is damaged by a dive bomber in the Solomons.
- November 7 - Two Japanese
destroyers off of Guadalcanal are damaged by aircraft from
Henderson Field. The transport USS Thomas Stone is
damaged by a submarine torpedo in the western Mediterranean. Army
aircraft sink the Italian submarine Antonio Sciesa off the
coast of Libya.
- November 8 - Operation Torch. The
Allied Expeditionary Force, under General Eisenhower, lands at
Casablanca, Oran and Algiers. The battleship USS Massachusetts
(BB-59), heavy cruiser USS Wichita (CA-45), destroyers
USS Ludlow (DD-438) and USS Murphy (DD-603) and high
speed minesweeper USS Palmer (DMS-5) are damaged by gunfire
from coastal defense guns during the landings. The high speed
minesweeper USS Stansbury (DMS-8) is damaged by a mine and
the transport USS Leedstown (AP-73) is damaged by an
aircraft torpedo, both off of North Africa. Motor torpedo boats
damage Japanese destroyer by torpedo attack, off Guadalcanal.
- November 9 - The transport USS
Leedstown (AP-73) is sunk by submarine and aircraft torpedoes
and horizontal bomber near Algiers.
- November 10 - Oran surrenders to
Allied forces. US Naval vessels and carrier aircraft engage
French Naval forces at Casablanca. A German U-boat lays mines off
of New York. The Japanese submarine I-72 is sunk by the
high speed mine sweeper USS Southard (DMS-10) in the
Solomons. US Naval Station is established at Puerto Castillo,
- November 11 - Casablanca
surrenders to Allied forces. The Allied-French armistice is
signed. US Naval Operating Base is established at Oran. German
troops occupy France south to the Mediterranean. Italian troops
land on Corsica and move into France. The transport USS Joseph
Hewes (AP-50) is sunk and the destroyer USS Hambleton
(DD-455) and the oiler USS Winooki (AO-38) are damaged by
submarine torpedoes at Fedala Roads, North Africa.
- November 12 - Naval Battle of
Guadalcanal. Japanese aircraft attack the US transports,
protected by air and surface forces, unloading troops in Lunga
Roads, Guadalcanal. The heavy cruiser USS San Francisco
(CA-38) and the destroyer USS Buchanan (DD-484) are
damaged. The transports USS Tasker H. Bliss (AP-42),
USS Hugh L. Scott (AP-43) and USS Edward Rutledge
(AP-52) are torpedoed and sunk off Morocco. The gunboat USS
Erie (PG-50) is sunk by a submarine torpedo in the Caribbean.
The Japanese submarine I-22 is sunk by PT-122
southwest of New Guinea. US Naval Operating Base is established
- November 13 - Naval Battle of
Guadalcanal. The Landing Support Group under Rear Admiral
Callaghan encounters a Japanese raiding group, including two
battleships, steaming to bombard Henderson Field on Guadalcanal. A
devastating naval battle ensues in the darkness. Heavy damage is
inflicted on US forces before the Japanese raiding group retires
northward. The carrier force under Rear Admiral Kinkaid arrives
close to the battle area and launches air search and attacks
against the Japanese. US vessels sunk include the light cruisers
USS Atlanta (CL-51) and USS Juneau (CL-52) and the
destroyers USS Cushing (DD-376), USS Monssen
(DD-436) and USS Laffey (DD-459). Other US vessels damaged
include the heavy cruiser USS Portland (CA-33), light
cruiser USS Helena (CL-50), and the destroyers USS
Sterett (DD-407), USS O'Bannon (DD-450) and USS
Aaron Ward (DD-483). The Japanese lost the battleship
Hiei and the destroyers Akatsuki and Yudachi.
- November 14 - Motor torpedo boats
attack Japanese cruisers and destroyers engaged in night
bombardment of Henderson Field. When this force retires, it's
struck by Marine and Naval aircraft from Henderson Field and the
carrier USS Enterprise (CV-6). The same aircraft sink
seven Japanese transports during the afternoon. Then, beginning
shortly before midnight and continuing on the fifteenth, a
battleship force under Rear Admiral Lee, composed of 2 battleships
and 3 destroyers, turns back a large Japanese Naval Group. The
destroyers USS Preston (DD-379) and USS Walke
(DD-416) are sunk. The Japanese lose the heavy cruiser
- November 15 - Naval Battle of
Guadalcanal ends. Although the United States suffered greater
loss in warships, the Japanese withdrew and never again sent large
naval forces into the waters around Guadalcanal; the ultimate
outcome of the struggle for the island was decided. The destroyer
USS Henham (DD-397) was damaged by a torpedo and scuttled.
The battleship USS South Dakota (BB-57) and the destroyer
USS Gwin (DD-433) are damaged by naval gunfire. The
Japanese lose the battleship Kirishima and the destroyer
Ayanami, both to naval gunfire. Off of North Africa, the cargo
ships USS Electra (AK-21) and USS Almaack (AK-27)
are torpedoed and sunk by submarines.
- November 16 - US forces land south
of Buna on New Guinea. The German submarine U-173 is sunk
by the destroyers USS Woolsey (DD-437), USS Swanson
(DD-443) and USS Quick (DD-490) off of Casablanca.
- November 17 - Naval Air Station is
established at De Land, Florida.
- November 19 - Russians begin a
counter-offensive at Stalingrad.
- November 24 - Japanese forces land
at Munda Point, New Georgia in the Solomons. The Japanese
destroyer Hayashio is sunk by Army aircraft off Lae, New
Guinea. The transport USS Thomas Stone (AP-59) is damaged
by a horizontal bomber off North Africa.
- November 25 - The transport USS
Thomas Stone (AP-59) is damaged by grounding, beached and
abandoned, North Africa.
- November 27 - French Fleet at
Toulon is scuttled.
- November 28 - The cargo ship
USS Alchiba (AK-23) is damaged by a submarine torpedo at Lunga
- November 30 - Battle of
Tassafaronga. A US cruiser and destroyer force under Rear Admiral
Wright engages Japanese destroyers under Rear Admiral Tanaka off
Tassafaronga Point, Guadalcanal. The heavy cruisers USS
Pensacola (CA-24), USS Northampton (CA-26), USS New
Orleans (CA-32) and USS Minneapolis (CA-36) are damaged
by torpedoes. The Japanese destroyer Takanami is sunk.
- December 1 - The heavy cruiser
USS Northampton (CA-26) sinks as a result of torpedo damage
received on November 29th. Fleet Air Wing 15 is commissioned at
Norfolk for service at Port Lyautey, French Morocco.
- December 2 - Naval Operating Base
and Naval Air Facility are established at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Professor Enrico Fermi sets up an atomic reactor in Chicago.
- December 3 - Japanese destroyers,
enroute to Guadalcanal are attacked by aircraft from Henderson
Field. One destroyer is damaged.
- December 5 - The ocean tug USS
Grebe (ATO-134) is grounded and sunk south of Fiji Island.
- December 7 - Japanese destroyers,
carrying reinforcements to Guadalcanal, are attacked by aircraft
from Henderson Field; two destroyers are damaged.
- December 8 - Motor torpedo boats
attack and turn back Japanese destroyers attempting to reinforce
- December 9 - Aircraft from
Henderson Field begin what becomes virtually daily attacks on
Japanese installations at Munda Point, New Georgia in the Solomons.
The Japanese submarine I-3 is sunk by PY-59 off Cape
Esperance, Guadalcanal. Major General A.M. Patch relieves Major
General A.A. Vandegrift as commander of Army and Marine troops on
- December 10 - The German submarine
U-611 is sunk by naval land-based aircraft (VP-84) in the
- December 11 - Naval aircraft from
Henderson Field attack Japanese destroyers north of New Georgia in
- December 12 - Motor torpedo boats
attack Japanese destroyers off Cape Esperance, Guadalcanal. For
the loss of PT-44, they sink the destroyer Terutsuki.
- December 13 - Rommel withdraws
from El Alamien.
- December 14 - The submarine USS
Sunfish (SS-281) lays mines in the entrance to Iseno Umi,
Japan. Fleet Air Command is established at Noumea, New
- December 15 - The German submarine
U-626 is sunk by the Coast Guard cutter USS Ingham
(PC-35) in the North Atlantic.
- December 16 - The Japanese
submarine I-15 is sunk by naval land-based aircraft (VS-55)
in the Solomons. The Russians defeat the Italians on the River
- December 17 - The submarines
USS Drum (SS-228) and USS Sunfish (SS-281) lay mines in
Japanese home waters. The Coast Guard converted trawler Natsek
(PG-170) founders and sinks in Belle Isle Strait off
Newfoundland. British Foreign Secretary Eden tells the House of
Commons of the mass executions of Jews by the Nazis. The US
declares those crimes will be avenged.
- December 18 - The submarine USS
Albacore (SS-218) sinks the Japanese light cruiser Tenryu
in the Bismark Sea.
- December 20 - The submarine USS
Seadragon (SS-194) sinks the Japanese submarine I-4 in
near New Britain. The submarine USS Trigger (SS-237) lays
mines in Japanese home waters. The gunboat USS Tulsa
(PG-22) is damaged by grounding in the eastern New Guinea area.
- December 22 - Japanese patrol boat
No.35 is sunk by the submarine USS Greenling
(SS-213) in the Solomons.
- December 24 - Aircraft from
Henderson Field heavily attack Japanese troop-laden barges. In
the North Africa area, the transports USS Florence Nightingale
(AP-70) and USS Thurston (AP-77) collide and sink.
- December 26 - Naval aircraft
attack Japanese transports at Wickham Anchorage in New Georgia.
The strike is repeated on the 27th.
- December 29 - The high speed
minesweeper USS Wasmuth (DMS-15) is sunk by the explosion
of two of her own depth charges, during a gale in the Aleutians.
- December 30 - The submarine USS
Searaven (SS-196) lands agents on the southern coast of Ceram
Island in the Netherlands East Indies.
- December 31 - The carrier USS
Essex (CV-9) is commissioned at Portsmouth, Virginia. British
and German ships fight the Battle of the Barents Sea.
designed&maintained by steve
speer / [email protected]