The esthetics and performance of carpet is similar to the
fabric in your clothing. The type of fiber used, the
construction of the cloth, and the color all play a role in
the styling, cost, and performance of that garment.
|All carpet yarn
is manufactured from a Staple or Continuous Filament (BCF)
Staple fiber is a series of short, 6 to 7 inches in
length, strings spun together to form one continuous filament.
Several of these are twisted together to form a strand of
BCF fiber is a continuous filament manufactured
as one long string. These are twisted and heatset together to
form a strand of yarn.
Both of these processes create yarns that produce carpet
products with distinctly different looks and characteristics.
A Description of Common Carpet Fibers
The most frequently used carpet fiber, highly desirable due to
its exceptional durability, versatility, and reasonable
pricing. It can be dyed in an endless variety of colors and
made into numerous styles and textures. Nylon is commonly used
in residential and commercial applications.
Brand name fiber such as DuPont StainmasterŽ,
Solutia WearDatedŽ,and Honeywell AnsoŽ usually
indicates additional yarn testing and/or additional soil and
stain treatments have been added.
Used in residential and a few commercial applications,
polyester has good color clarity, colorfastness, and
resistance to water-soluble stains. All of Mohawk's polyester
yarn comes from our state-of-the-art plastic bottle recycling
facility. This "food-grade" PET Polyester fiber is considered
to be better quality than "carpet-grade" polyester fiber.
Also known as Olefin, this fiber resists fading, generates low
levels of static electricity, is favorably priced, and can be
engineered in outdoor applications. Due to its manufacturing
process, polypropylene inherently resists stains. When used in
specific carpet constructions, this yarn will perform as well
as most resilient fibers.
The most expensive of the fibers listed here, it is a natural
fiber with moderate soil and stain resistance. Durable,
luxurious "hand", reduced visible soil due to fine,